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American Football erlangte seine Popularität vornehmlich durch die College- und trat eine dieser konkurrierenden Ligen, die American Football League. American Football wird in Deutschland seit gespielt und wurde bis hauptsächlich von Besatzungssoldaten der US-Armee betrieben. Seitdem gibt es einen deutschen Verband und einen organisierten Spielbetrieb. Der Dachverband „American Football Verband Deutschland“ (AFVD) betreibt die Bundesligen. American Football 3. Liga: aktuelle Termine, Resultate und Tabellen auf einen Blick. - Biberach Beavers an der Spitze der Aufstiegsrelegation zur GFL 2 Süd vor. Hanau Hornets A Göttingen Generals - Osnabrück Tigers Bad Mergentheim Wolfpack - Neckar Hammers Franken Knights H Bad Homburg Sentinels A 6: Siegen Sentinels H Lübeck Seals H Erding Bulls A 0: Dies ist die gesichtete Versiondie am Liga Südwest Longhorns spielen weiter in der Plattling Black Hawks - Regensburg Beste Spielothek in Dimbach finden 7. Flensburg Sealords - Zeven Northern United

As of , the Munich Cowboys have played more GFL games than any other team, , followed by the Berlin Adler with , the only other team with more than league games.

The Cowboys have played 29 out of a possible 32 seasons at the highest level of the game in Germany, more than any other club.

The history of American football in Germany, outside the US Army bases in the country, began in , when the Frankfurter Löwen were formed as the first club to play the game in Germany.

At first, this team was only able to play US Army teams, lacking German opposition. Army soldier and German mother, which created enough interest to form a number of teams and the league, referred to as German-American Football League.

American-Football-Bund Deutschland , was formed, the first of its kind in Europe. The league saw a split in its second and third season, with Düsseldorf and Bremerhaven leaving the competition to take part in a separate, short-lived competition, the Nordwestdeutsche Football Liga — NFL.

Of those, Frankfurt won the first two, remaining unbeaten in , and Ansbach the last. The era of the Frankfurter Löwen was hereby ended and the club went defunct in the mids, while the Ansbach Grizzlies continued to be an outstanding team, playing in all of the first eight German Bowls.

From , the play-offs were enlarged to include a quarter final round as well. The season, which saw Ansbach repeat its title, remaining unbeaten all season, this time against the Cologne Crocodiles , saw an increase of clubs to fifteen, including the two break-away clubs Düsseldorf and Bremerhaven.

Of those, the team from Düsseldorf won the , and editions, while the Grizzlies earned their third championship in With the Panthers in and and the Grizzlies in , both teams were able to win the title without a loss all season.

With the final, the golden era of the Ansbach Grizzlies ended and the club disappeared out of the top level all together by From , a wild card round was introduced in the play-offs, taking the number of teams in the play-offs to twelve.

The league had now expanded to 24 teams, divided into four divisions. Two of those were in the north, one in the south and the fourth one in Central Germany.

The German Bowl saw two completely new teams compete against each other, the Badener Greifs making their only appearance in the championship game to date, while the Berlin Adler won their first of, as of , six national championships.

Both teams went into the German Bowl without a defeat all season. In , Red Barons Cologne defeated the Düsseldorf Panther in the final, while, from onwards, the Berlin Adler became the first team to win three championships in a row, all against teams from Cologne.

The Adler also managed to remain unbeaten in and and only suffered one defeat in , at home against the Cologne Crocodiles. The league, which had peaked at 26 clubs in four regional divisions in , was reduced to the two-divisional format, with eight teams per division.

The Panther earned their fourth title in , defeating the Munich Cowboys, which, in the following year, won the championship themselves, against Cologne Crocodiles, who suffered their fourth defeat in their fourth German Bowl.

Munichs title in an undefeated season was to be the last occasion for the next twelve years that a team from the South would reach the final, and the last time until , that a team from the South would win the championship.

The Bundesliga and the German Bowl were from now on dominated by the North. In , 14 clubs in two divisions of seven competed in the league, from , the division strength was reduced to six.

For the next 16 seasons, six teams per division was the set number, with occasional seasons going underway in reduced strength because of late withdrawals.

Also, an inter conference round was introduced in , with teams from different divisions now meeting for the first time during the regular season.

In and , the Düsseldorf Panther once more won the German Bowl, with the second title won against a new force in the game in Germany, the Hamburg Blue Devils.

In , the Blue Devils then reversed the fortunes and defeated the Panthers in the final. The most dominant era of any team in German football begun in , when the Braunschweig Lions reached and won the German Bowl for the first time.

The Lions would play in every one of the next twelve German Bowls, up until , and win seven of those. Their first title, in , was won against the Cologne Crocodiles, who were now five out five in German Bowl defeats.

The following six seasons, the final was contested by the Lions and the Blue Devils on five occasions, with the Lions winning in and , while the Blue Devils won , and Only in did neither of those two win the Bowl, instead, the Cologne Crocodiles finally reversed their fortunes and won a championship in their sixth attempt.

Braunschweig lost a fifth final in a row in , when the Berlin Adler won their first title in 13 years. After this, the Braunschweig Lions set a new record, winning four German Bowls straight, beating four different teams in the finals.

In , the Blue Devils were once more the opposition, followed by two southern teams, the Marburg Mercenaries in and the Stuttgart Scorpions in , in an unbeaten season for the Lions.

The seventh title for the Lions came in , against the new force of the Kiel Baltic Hurricanes. Kiel also played in the final, losing to the Berlin Adler, before finally being successful in and winning their first title against the same team.

In , the league season has been expanded from 72 to 98 games because of the enlargement of the league. It also saw the end of an year title drought for the south, when the Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns defeated Kiel to take out the national championship for the first time.

For the season, the Mönchengladbach Mavericks , runners-up in the northern division in , were refused a licence, [12] leaving an extra spot in the league which was awarded to the Lübeck Cougars.

The Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns repeated their success and once more defeated the Kiel Baltic Hurricanes in the German Bowl, becoming the first team from the south to win back-to-back championships since the Ansbach Grizzlies.

The season saw a return to northern dominance with all four southern teams knocked out in the quarter finals and the German Bowl contested by the revived Braunschweig Lions, now as the New Yorker Lions, and the Dresden Monarchs who made their first appearance in the championship final, with the Lions winning their eighth German Bowl in a close game with the only turnover coming with the last play when Dresden was driving down the field for a potentially game winning score.

The season began with the withdrawal of the Hamburg Blue Devils before the start of the season, leaving the northern division with only seven clubs.

In the north Braunschweig won another division title with a perfect season while the Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns won the southern division for a fourth consecutive time who then went on to beat Kiel and Dresden in the Playoffs to reach the final.

The German Bowl was contested by the two division champions with Braunschweig taking out their ninth title with Schwäbisch Hall only scoring a Field Goal until the fourth quarter.

The Lions won their ninth German Bowl victory with the highest-ever winning margin, defeating the Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns 47—9.

The season played out similar to the previous edition with both Schwäbisch Hall and Braunschweig winning their division before advancing to the final where Braunschweig prevailed once more, this time by a more narrow margin.

Success in American football in Germany and at the German Bowl differs hugely between the clubs from the northern and the southern division, with the south, as of , only winning eight German Bowls and the north the remaining Similarly, southern clubs have only made 20 appearances in the Bowl, while northern clubs have appeared 54 times.

After the first three German Bowls, the final was never again contested by two southern clubs. Since the end of the golden era of the Ansbach Grizzlies in , southern clubs have only made nine appearances in the championship game and suffered a championship drought from to From to no southern team reached the German Bowl, with twelve consecutive finals played without southern participation.

On five occasions no southern team progressed beyond the quarter finals. In , , , and all four semi-finalists came from the northern division.

The disparity is also documented by the inter conference games held from to between the northern and southern divisions.

Of the games played in this era, the north won , almost 75 percent, the south only 48 while two were drawn: As a sign of the strong influence of Americans in the game in Germany, upon formation of the Bundesliga in , there was no restriction on how many foreigners a team could field.

The only stipulation was, that every team had to field a minimum of three German nationals at any time. Namath and the Jets made good on his guarantee as they held the Colts scoreless until late in the fourth quarter.

The Jets won, 16—7, in what is considered one of the greatest upsets in American sports history. Buffalo rookie back O.

Simpson carried the ball for the last play in AFL history. Hadl was named the game's Most Valuable Player. Prior to the start of the NFL season , the merged league was organized into two conferences of three divisions each.

To avoid having an inequitable number of teams in each conference, the leagues voted to move three NFL teams to the AFC.

Motivated by the prospect of an intrastate rivalry with the Bengals as well as by personal animosity toward Paul Brown , Cleveland Browns owner Art Modell quickly offered to include his team in the AFC.

Pro Football Hall of Fame receiver Charlie Joiner , who started his career with the Houston Oilers , was the last AFL player active in professional football, retiring after the season, when he played for the San Diego Chargers.

The AFL was also the most successful of numerous upstart leagues of the s and s that attempted to challenge a major professional league's dominance.

All nine teams that were in the AFL at the time the merger was agreed upon were accepted into the league intact as was the tenth team added between the time of the merger's agreement and finalization , and none of the AFL's teams have ever folded.

For comparison, the World Hockey Association —79 managed to have four of its six remaining teams merged into the National Hockey League , which actually caused the older league to contract a franchise, but WHA teams were forced to disperse the majority of their rosters and restart as expansion teams.

The merged WHA teams were also not financially sound in large part from the hefty expansion fees the NHL imposed on them , and three of the four were forced to relocate within 20 years.

The American Basketball Association —76 managed to have only four of its teams merged into the National Basketball Association, and the rest of the league was forced to fold.

The Continental League , a proposed third league for Major League Baseball that was to begin play in , never played a single game, largely because MLB responded to the proposal by expanding to four of that league's proposed cities.

Historically, the only other professional sports league in the United States to exhibit a comparable level of franchise stability from its inception was the American League of Major League Baseball.

The NFL adopted some of the innovations introduced by the AFL immediately and a few others in the years following the merger.

One was including the names on player jerseys. The older league also adopted the practice of using the stadium scoreboard clocks to keep track of the official game time, instead of just having a stopwatch used by the referee.

The AFL played a game schedule for its entire existence, starting in The NFL, which had played a game schedule since , changed to a game schedule in , a year after the American Football League instituted it.

The AFL also introduced the two-point conversion to professional football thirty-four years before the NFL instituted it in college football had adopted the two-point conversion in the late s.

All of these innovations pioneered by the AFL, including its more exciting style of play and colorful uniforms, have essentially made today's professional football more like the AFL than like the old-line NFL.

With that first contract with ABC, the AFL adopted the first-ever cooperative television plan for professional football, in which the proceeds were divided equally among member clubs.

It featured many outstanding games, such as the classic double-overtime American Football League championship game between the Dallas Texans and the defending champion Houston Oilers.

At the time it was the longest professional football championship game ever played. Despite having a national television contract, the AFL often found itself trying to gain a foothold, only to come up against roadblocks.

The AFL took advantage of the burgeoning popularity of football by locating teams in major cities that lacked NFL franchises.

Hunt's vision not only brought a new professional football league to California and New York , but introduced the sport to Colorado , restored it to Texas and later to fast-growing Florida , as well as bringing it to New England for the first time in 12 years.

Louis Football Cardinals , brought professional football back to Missouri for the first time since the temporary St. Louis Gunners of Marshall later changed his position after future-Cowboys owner Clint Murchison bought the rights to Washington's fight song " Hail to the Redskins " and threatened to prevent Marshall from playing it at games.

As a result, the Cowboys played its inaugural season in without the benefit of the NFL draft. As part of the merger agreement, additional expansion teams would be awarded by or soon thereafter to bring the league to 28 franchises; this requirement was fulfilled when the Seattle Seahawks and the Tampa Bay Buccaneers began play in In addition, had it not been for the existence of the Oilers from to , the Houston Texans also would likely not exist today; the expansion team restored professional football in Houston after the original charter AFL member Oilers relocated to become the Tennessee Titans.

Kevin Sherrington of The Dallas Morning News has argued that the presence of AFL and the subsequent merger radically altered the fortunes of the Pittsburgh Steelers , saving the team "from stinking".

Constantly lacking the money to build a quality team, the Steelers had only posted eight winning seasons, and just one playoff appearance, since their first year of existence in until the end of the season.

They also finished with a record in , tied with the Chicago Bears for the worst record in the NFL. Perhaps the greatest social legacy of the AFL was the domino effect of its policy of being more liberal than the entrenched NFL in offering opportunity for black players.

While the NFL was still emerging from thirty years of segregation influenced by Washington Redskins' owner George Preston Marshall , the AFL actively recruited from small and predominantly black colleges.

The AFL's color-blindness led not only to the explosion of black talent on the field, but to the eventual entry of blacks into scouting, coordinating, and ultimately head coaching positions, long after the league ceased to exist.

The AFL's free agents came from several sources. Some were players who could not find success playing in the NFL, while another source was the Canadian Football League.

Rounding out this mix of potential talent were the true "free agents", the walk-ons and the "wanna-be's", who tried out in droves for the chance to play professional American football.

This apparently was meant to assert that the AFL could not achieve parity as long as it had to compete with the NFL in the draft. But the Jets had less than a handful of "common draftees".

Their stars were honed in the AFL, many of them since the Titans days. As noted below, the AFL got its share of stars long before the "common draft".

Both eventually were elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame after earning recognition during their careers as being among the best at their positions.

Among specific teams, the Buffalo Bills stood out by holding their opponents to a pro football record yards rushing on attempts, while also recording fifty quarterback sacks in a game schedule.

Another example is cited by the University of Kansas website, which describes the Bluebonnet Bowl , won by KU, and goes on to say "Two Kansas players, quarterback John Hadl and fullback Curtis McClinton , signed professional contracts on the field immediately after the conclusion of the game.

In , a five-part series, Full Color Football: Later, when Brown was with the Broncos, Hennigan needed nine catches in one game against the Broncos to break Lionel Taylor 's Professional Football record of catches in one season.

Hennigan caught the nine passes and broke the record, even though he was covered by Brown, Blanda's point being that if Hennigan could do so well against a Hall of Fame DB, he deserves induction, as well.

The AFL also spawned coaches whose style and techniques have profoundly affected the play of professional football to this day.

As the influence of the AFL continues through the present, the 50th anniversary of its launch was celebrated during Bills' owner Ralph C.

Each of the 8 teams took part in at least two such "legacy" games. On-field officials also wore red-and-white-striped AFL uniforms during these games.

In the fall of , the Showtime pay-cable network premiered Full Color Football: The History of the American Football League , a 5-part documentary series produced by NFL Films that features vintage game film and interviews as well as more recent interviews with those associated with the AFL.

Fan favorites were the Denver Broncos ' vertically striped socks, which could not be re-stocked quickly enough. From to , the AFL determined its champion via a single-elimination playoff game between the winners of its two divisions.

The home teams alternated each year by division, so in the Jets hosted the Raiders, even though Oakland had a better record this was changed in There was no tie-breaker protocol in place, so a one-game playoff was held in War Memorial Stadium in December.

The visiting Patriots defeated the host Bills 26—8. The Patriots traveled to San Diego as the Chargers completed a three-game season sweep over the weary Patriots with a 51—10 victory.

A similar situation occurred in the season, when the Oakland Raiders and the Kansas City Chiefs finished the regular season tied with identical records of 12—2 in the AFL West Division.

In , the final year of the independent AFL, Professional Football's first " wild card " playoffs were conducted.

A four-team playoff was held, with the second-place teams in each division playing the winner of the other division. The Kansas City Chiefs were the first Super Bowl champion to win two road playoff games and the first wildcard team to win the Super Bowl, although the term "wildcard" was coined by the media, and not used officially until several years later.

All-Star teams from the Eastern and Western divisions played each other after every season except That season, the league champion Buffalo Bills played all-stars from the other teams.

After numerous black players were refused service by a number of area hotels and businesses, black and white players alike called for a boycott.

Led by Bills players such as Cookie Gilchrist , the players successfully lobbied to have the game moved to Houston's Jeppesen Stadium.

The following is a sample of some records set during the existence of the league. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American Football League draft.

American Football League playoffs. American Football League All-Star game. The New York Times. Retrieved 25 April Archived from the original on Retrieved March 26, Archived from the original on 9 February A Football Legacy Part One ".

The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on 6 January Archived from the original PDF on Archived from the original on 5 February Archived from the original on 10 February Archived from the original on 7 February Archived from the original on 8 November A Football Legacy Part Two ".

Pro Football Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 21 February Foreword by Miller Farr. New York University Press. The African American Registry.

American Football League seasons. Professional gridiron football leagues in North America. Monday night NFL games prior to — — —present.

I III National Football League Retrieved from " https:

Kansas CityMissouri. The AFL and NFL operated as separate leagues untilwith separate regular season Spela Funky Monkey Spelautomat på nätet på Casino.com Sverige playoff schedules except for the championship game. Beste Spielothek in Königsbach finden NFL-spelare spelar normalt sett endast en "quarter" i varje match för att undvika eventuella skador. Nürnberg Hawks - Bad Tölz Capricorns 3. Ritterhude Badgers A 7: Pforzheim Wilddogs A 7: Ludwigsburg Bulldogs - Reutlingen Eagles Beste Spielothek in Händlern finden Mainz Golden Eagles Karlsruhe Engineers A 7: Packers head coach Betawin Lombardi stated after the game, "I do not think they are as good as the top teams in the National Football League. Bad Tölz Capricorns - Augsburg Storm Nauheim WildBoys - Rüsselsheim Crusaders 0: Mittelstreu Tigers wick hill Schweinfurt Ball Bearings 0. Cottbus Crayfish - Berlin Thunderbirds Rendsburg Knights H 3: Bad Sizzling hot de luxe Thunderbirds - Kaiserslautern Pikes 7. In anderen Sprachen Links hinzufügen. Tübingen Red Knights - Weinheim Longhorns 0: Pirmasens Praetorians - Kaiserslautern Pikes 0. Münster Blackhawks A 7: Hanau Hornets - Bad Homburg Sentinels 7:

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With no place for his team to play, Rhodes' effort came to nothing. During the summer of , he sought the blessings of the NFL for his nascent league, as he did not seek a potentially costly rivalry.

Within weeks of the July announcement of the league's formation, Hunt received commitments from Barron Hilton and Harry Wismer to bring teams to Los Angeles and New York, respectively.

The NFL's initial reaction was not as openly hostile as it had been with the earlier All-America Football Conference Bell had even given his public approval , yet individual NFL owners soon began a campaign to undermine the new league.

The older league also announced on August 29 that it had conveniently reversed its position against expansion, and planned to bring NFL expansion teams to Houston and Dallas, to start play in Louis, eliminating that city as a potential AFL market.

Ralph Wilson , who owned a minority interest in the NFL's Detroit Lions at the time, initially announced he was placing a team in Miami , but like the Seattle situation, was also rebuffed by local ownership; given five other choices, Wilson negotiated with McGroder and brought the team that would become the Bills to Buffalo.

Buffalo was officially awarded its franchise on October The AFL's first draft took place the same day Boston was awarded its franchise, and lasted 33 rounds.

The league held a second draft on December 2, which lasted for 20 rounds. Los Angeles Chargers owner Barron Hilton demanded that a replacement for Minnesota be placed in California, to reduce his team's operating costs and to create a rivalry.

After a brief search, Oakland was chosen and an ownership group led by F. Wayne Valley and local real estate developer Chet Soda was formed.

The Oilers filed suit and claimed that Rams general manager Pete Rozelle had unduly manipulated Cannon. The court upheld the Houston contract, and with Cannon the Oilers appeared in the AFL's first three championship games winning two.

Attendance for the season was respectable for a new league, but not nearly that of the NFL. In , the NFL averaged attendance of more than 40, fans per game and more popular NFL teams in regularly saw attendance figures in excess of 50, per game, [17] while CFL attendances averaged approximately 20, per game.

Professional football was still primarily a gate-driven business in , so low attendance meant financial losses. In fact, the only major change was the relocation of the Chargers from Los Angeles to nearby San Diego they would return to Los Angeles in While the Oilers found instant success in the AFL, other teams did not fare as well.

The Oakland Raiders and New York Titans struggled on and off the field during their first few seasons in the league.

Oakland's eight-man ownership group was reduced to just three in , after heavy financial losses in their first season.

After winning six games in their debut season, the Raiders won a total of three times in the and seasons.

Oakland took part in a supplemental draft meant to boost the weaker teams in the league, but it did little good.

They participated in another such draft in The Titans fared a little better on the field but had their own financial troubles. Attendance was so low for home games that team owner Harry Wismer had fans move to seats closer to the field to give the illusion of a fuller stadium on television.

The Titans were sold to a five-person ownership group headed by Sonny Werblin on March 28, , and in April the new owners changed the team's name to the New York Jets.

The Raiders and Titans both finished last in their respective divisions in the season. The Texans dethroned the two-time champion Oilers, 20—17, in a double- overtime contest that was, at the time, professional football's longest-ever game.

In , the Texans became the second AFL team to relocate. Lamar Hunt felt that despite winning the league championship in , the Texans could not succeed financially competing in the same market as the Dallas Cowboys , which entered the NFL as an expansion franchise in Kansas City mayor Harold Roe Bartle nicknamed "Chief" was instrumental in his city's success in attracting the team.

Rozelle declined the offer; however, the game would be instituted three seasons later. A series of events throughout the next few years demonstrated the AFL's ability to achieve a greater level of equality with the NFL.

Sayers eventually signed with the Bears. It was the highest amount of money ever paid to a collegiate football player, and is cited as the strongest contributing factor to the eventual merger between the two leagues.

After the season, the Newark Bears of the Atlantic Coast Football League expressed interest in joining the AFL; [29] concerns over having to split the New York metro area with the still-uncertain Jets were a factor in the Bears bid being rejected.

In , Milwaukee officials tried to lure an expansion team to play at Milwaukee County Stadium where the Green Bay Packers had played parts of their home schedule after an unsuccessful attempt to lure the Packers there full-time, but Packers head coach Vince Lombardi invoked the team's exclusive lease as well as sign an extension to keep some home games in Milwaukee until League expansion was approved at a meeting held on June 7, and on August 16 the AFL's ninth franchise was officially awarded to Robbie and television star Danny Thomas.

His successor was Oakland Raiders head coach and general manager Al Davis , who had been instrumental in turning around the fortunes of that franchise.

Davis's strategy focused on quarterbacks in particular, and in two months he persuaded seven NFL quarterbacks to sign with the AFL.

Alarmed with the rate of spending in the league, Hilton Hotels forced Barron Hilton to relinquish his stake in the Chargers as a condition of maintaining his leadership role with the hotel chain.

They held a series of secret meetings in Dallas to discuss their concerns over rapidly increasing player salaries, as well as the practice of player poaching.

Hunt and Schramm completed the basic groundwork for a merger of the two leagues by the end of May, and on June 8, , the merger was officially announced.

Under the terms of the agreement, the two leagues would hold a common player draft. The agreement also called for a title game to be played between the champions of the respective leagues.

The two leagues would be fully merged by , NFL commissioner Pete Rozelle would remain as commissioner of the merged league, which would be named the NFL.

Additional expansion teams would eventually be awarded by or soon thereafter to bring it to a team league.

In protest, Davis resigned as AFL commissioner on July 25 rather than remain until the completion of the merger, and Milt Woodard was named president of the AFL, [28] [34] [35] with the "commissioner" title vacated because of Rozelle's expanded role.

The loss reinforced for many the notion that the AFL was an inferior league. Packers head coach Vince Lombardi stated after the game, "I do not think they are as good as the top teams in the National Football League.

The more experienced Packers capitalized on a number of Raiders miscues and never trailed. I think the league has always had good personnel, but the blocks were subtler and better conceived in this game.

However, on November 17, , when NBC cut away from a game between the Jets and Raiders to air the children's movie Heidi , the ensuing uproar helped disprove the notion that fans still considered the AFL an inferior product.

The Colts, who entered the contest favored by as many as 18 points, had completed the NFL season with a 13—1 record, and won the NFL title with a convincing 34—0 win over the Cleveland Browns.

Led by their stalwart defense—which allowed a record-low points—the Colts were considered one of the best-ever NFL teams.

By contrast, the Jets had allowed points, the highest total for any division winner in the two leagues. Jets quarterback Joe Namath recalled that in the days leading up to the game, he grew increasingly angry when told New York had no chance to beat Baltimore.

Three days before the game, a frustrated Namath responded to a heckler at the Touchdown Club in Miami by declaring, "We're going to win Sunday, I'll guarantee you.

Namath and the Jets made good on his guarantee as they held the Colts scoreless until late in the fourth quarter.

The Jets won, 16—7, in what is considered one of the greatest upsets in American sports history. Buffalo rookie back O. Simpson carried the ball for the last play in AFL history.

Hadl was named the game's Most Valuable Player. Prior to the start of the NFL season , the merged league was organized into two conferences of three divisions each.

To avoid having an inequitable number of teams in each conference, the leagues voted to move three NFL teams to the AFC.

Motivated by the prospect of an intrastate rivalry with the Bengals as well as by personal animosity toward Paul Brown , Cleveland Browns owner Art Modell quickly offered to include his team in the AFC.

Pro Football Hall of Fame receiver Charlie Joiner , who started his career with the Houston Oilers , was the last AFL player active in professional football, retiring after the season, when he played for the San Diego Chargers.

The AFL was also the most successful of numerous upstart leagues of the s and s that attempted to challenge a major professional league's dominance.

All nine teams that were in the AFL at the time the merger was agreed upon were accepted into the league intact as was the tenth team added between the time of the merger's agreement and finalization , and none of the AFL's teams have ever folded.

For comparison, the World Hockey Association —79 managed to have four of its six remaining teams merged into the National Hockey League , which actually caused the older league to contract a franchise, but WHA teams were forced to disperse the majority of their rosters and restart as expansion teams.

The merged WHA teams were also not financially sound in large part from the hefty expansion fees the NHL imposed on them , and three of the four were forced to relocate within 20 years.

The American Basketball Association —76 managed to have only four of its teams merged into the National Basketball Association, and the rest of the league was forced to fold.

The Continental League , a proposed third league for Major League Baseball that was to begin play in , never played a single game, largely because MLB responded to the proposal by expanding to four of that league's proposed cities.

Historically, the only other professional sports league in the United States to exhibit a comparable level of franchise stability from its inception was the American League of Major League Baseball.

The NFL adopted some of the innovations introduced by the AFL immediately and a few others in the years following the merger.

One was including the names on player jerseys. The older league also adopted the practice of using the stadium scoreboard clocks to keep track of the official game time, instead of just having a stopwatch used by the referee.

The AFL played a game schedule for its entire existence, starting in The NFL, which had played a game schedule since , changed to a game schedule in , a year after the American Football League instituted it.

The AFL also introduced the two-point conversion to professional football thirty-four years before the NFL instituted it in college football had adopted the two-point conversion in the late s.

All of these innovations pioneered by the AFL, including its more exciting style of play and colorful uniforms, have essentially made today's professional football more like the AFL than like the old-line NFL.

With that first contract with ABC, the AFL adopted the first-ever cooperative television plan for professional football, in which the proceeds were divided equally among member clubs.

It featured many outstanding games, such as the classic double-overtime American Football League championship game between the Dallas Texans and the defending champion Houston Oilers.

At the time it was the longest professional football championship game ever played. Despite having a national television contract, the AFL often found itself trying to gain a foothold, only to come up against roadblocks.

The AFL took advantage of the burgeoning popularity of football by locating teams in major cities that lacked NFL franchises.

Hunt's vision not only brought a new professional football league to California and New York , but introduced the sport to Colorado , restored it to Texas and later to fast-growing Florida , as well as bringing it to New England for the first time in 12 years.

Louis Football Cardinals , brought professional football back to Missouri for the first time since the temporary St. Louis Gunners of Marshall later changed his position after future-Cowboys owner Clint Murchison bought the rights to Washington's fight song " Hail to the Redskins " and threatened to prevent Marshall from playing it at games.

As a result, the Cowboys played its inaugural season in without the benefit of the NFL draft. As part of the merger agreement, additional expansion teams would be awarded by or soon thereafter to bring the league to 28 franchises; this requirement was fulfilled when the Seattle Seahawks and the Tampa Bay Buccaneers began play in In addition, had it not been for the existence of the Oilers from to , the Houston Texans also would likely not exist today; the expansion team restored professional football in Houston after the original charter AFL member Oilers relocated to become the Tennessee Titans.

Kevin Sherrington of The Dallas Morning News has argued that the presence of AFL and the subsequent merger radically altered the fortunes of the Pittsburgh Steelers , saving the team "from stinking".

Constantly lacking the money to build a quality team, the Steelers had only posted eight winning seasons, and just one playoff appearance, since their first year of existence in until the end of the season.

They also finished with a record in , tied with the Chicago Bears for the worst record in the NFL. Perhaps the greatest social legacy of the AFL was the domino effect of its policy of being more liberal than the entrenched NFL in offering opportunity for black players.

While the NFL was still emerging from thirty years of segregation influenced by Washington Redskins' owner George Preston Marshall , the AFL actively recruited from small and predominantly black colleges.

The AFL's color-blindness led not only to the explosion of black talent on the field, but to the eventual entry of blacks into scouting, coordinating, and ultimately head coaching positions, long after the league ceased to exist.

The AFL's free agents came from several sources. Some were players who could not find success playing in the NFL, while another source was the Canadian Football League.

Rounding out this mix of potential talent were the true "free agents", the walk-ons and the "wanna-be's", who tried out in droves for the chance to play professional American football.

This apparently was meant to assert that the AFL could not achieve parity as long as it had to compete with the NFL in the draft.

Kümmersbruck Red Devils - Weiden Vikings 6. Ludwigsburg Bulldogs - Fellbach Warriors 3. Böblingen Bears - Offenburg Miners 0.

Landshut Black Knights - Nürnberg Hawks Hamm Aces - Duisburg Thunderbirds Aschaffenburg Stallions - Bayreuth Dragons Schweinfurt Ball Bearings - Bamberg Bucks 6.

Hamburg Ravens - Lüneburg Razorbacks Bad Tölz Capricorns - Augsburg Storm Koblenz Gladiators - South West Wolves 0.

Wuppertal Greyhounds - Bochum Rebels Duisburg Thunderbirds - Bochum Rebels 0. Mönchengladbach Wolfpack - Düsseldorf Bulldozer 6.

Augsburg Storm - Landshut Black Knights Starnberg Argonauts - Nürnberg Hawks Mülheim Shamrocks - Hamm Aces Fellbach Warriors - Offenburg Miners Kornwestheim Cougars - Heidelberg Hunters Fulda Saints - Nauheim WildBoys Eberswalder Warriors - Wernigerode Mountain Tigers Reutlingen Eagles - Ludwigsburg Bulldogs Witterschlick Fighting Miners - Schiefbahn Riders Mittelstreu Tigers - Schweinfurt Ball Bearings 0.

Amberg Mad Bulldogs - Ansbach Grizzlies Wuppertal Greyhounds - Sauerland Mustangs Ludwigsburg Bulldogs - Kornwestheim Cougars Bad Tölz Capricorns - Starnberg Argonauts Koblenz Gladiators - Hunsrück Protectors Weiden Vikings - Amberg Mad Bulldogs 7.

Fellbach Warriors - Reutlingen Eagles 6. Bamberg Bucks - Mittelstreu Tigers Heidelberg Hunters - Böblingen Bears Nürnberg Hawks - Augsburg Storm Bayreuth Dragons - Schweinfurt Ball Bearings Ansbach Grizzlies - Kümmersbruck Red Devils Reutlingen Eagles - Böblingen Bears Offenburg Miners - Heidelberg Hunters Kornwestheim Cougars - Fellbach Warriors Fulda Saints - Rüsselsheim Crusaders 0.

Vorpommern Vandals - Eberswalder Warriors Offenburg Miners - Reutlingen Eagles Fellbach Warriors - Ludwigsburg Bulldogs Kornwestheim Cougars - Böblingen Bears Kümmersbruck Red Devils - Ansbach Grizzlies 8.

Hunsrück Protectors - Mosel Valley Tigers Offenburg Miners - Kornwestheim Cougars Heidelberg Hunters - Fellbach Warriors Nauheim WildBoys - Rüsselsheim Crusaders 0.

Halle Falken - Vorpommern Vandals South West Wolves - Hunsrück Protectors Oldenburg Outlaws - Nordhorn Vikings Wernigerode Mountain Tigers - Vorpommern Vandals Oldenburg Outlaws - Hannover Stampeders Halle Falken - Eberswalder Warriors Berlin Bullets - Radebeul Suburbian Foxes Hamburg Ravens - Schwarzenbek Wolves Oldenburg Outlaws - Jade Bay Buccaneers Schwarzenbek Wolves - Lüneburg Razorbacks 0.

Hamburg Ravens - Rendsburg Knights 7. Eberswalder Warriors - Vorpommern Vandals Vorpommern Vandals - Radebeul Suburbian Foxes Schiefbahn Riders - Cologne Ronin Hamm Aces - Wuppertal Greyhounds 6.

Bochum Rebels - Mülheim Shamrocks Wernigerode Mountain Tigers - Berlin Bullets Rendsburg Knights - Norderstedt Mustangs Halle Falken - Berlin Bullets Schwarzenbek Wolves - Rendsburg Knights Mönchengladbach Wolfpack - Schiefbahn Riders 0.

Hamburg Ravens - Norderstedt Mustangs Sauerland Mustangs - Duisburg Thunderbirds Cologne Ronin - Witterschlick Fighting Miners Nordhorn Vikings - Hannover Stampeders 9.

Mülheim Shamrocks - Sauerland Mustangs Bochum Rebels - Hamm Aces 6. Düsseldorf Bulldozer - Witterschlick Fighting Miners Wernigerode Mountain Tigers - Halle Falken Radebeul Suburbian Foxes - Eberswalder Warriors Berlin Bullets - Vorpommern Vandals Duisburg Thunderbirds - Wuppertal Greyhounds Norderstedt Mustangs - Schwarzenbek Wolves Eberswalder Warriors - Radebeul Suburbian Foxes Duisburg Thunderbirds - Hamm Aces 0.

Cologne Ronin - Düsseldorf Bulldozer 0. Witterschlick Fighting Miners - Mönchengladbach Wolfpack 0. Wuppertal Greyhounds - Mülheim Shamrocks Sauerland Mustangs - Bochum Rebels Bochum Rebels - Wuppertal Greyhounds 6.

Mülheim Shamrocks - Duisburg Thunderbirds Hamm Aces - Sauerland Mustangs Düsseldorf Bulldozer - Schiefbahn Riders Mönchengladbach Wolfpack - Cologne Ronin Nordhorn Vikings - Jade Bay Buccaneers Hannover Stampeders - Jade Bay Buccaneers Norderstedt Mustangs A Lüneburg Razorbacks A Schwarzenbek Wolves H Hamburg Ravens H Lüneburg Razorbacks H 6: Hamburg Ravens A Norderstedt Mustangs H Schwarzenbek Wolves A Oldenburg Outlaws H Lüneburg Razorbacks A 0: Rendsburg Knights A Lüneburg Razorbacks H Rendsburg Knights H 7: Hildesheim Invaders II A 0: Rendsburg Knights H 0: Hamburg Ravens H 6: Rendsburg Knights A 0: Schwarzenbek Wolves A 7: Lüneburg Razorbacks A 6: Lüneburg Razorbacks H 0: Rendsburg Knights H Lüneburg Razorbacks A 7: Rendsburg Knights H 3: Rendsburg Knights A 7: Nordhorn Vikings H Jade Bay Buccaneers H Oldenburg Outlaws A Jade Bay Buccaneers A Hannover Stampeders A Hannover Stampeders H Nordhorn Vikings A Hildesheim Invaders II Hildesheim Invaders II H 9: Hildesheim Invaders II A Hildesheim Invaders II H 0: Oldenburg Outlaws A 0: Oldenburg Outlaws H 0: Hannover Stampeders H 8: Hildesheim Invaders II A 6: Nordhorn Vikings H 9: Oldenburg Outlaws A 6: Jade Bay Buccaneers 2: Hannover Stampeders A 9: Hildesheim Invaders II H Hannover Stampeders H 9: Halle Falken H Eberswalder Warriors A Radebeul Suburbian Foxes A Eberswalder Warriors H Wernigerode Mountain Tigers H Vorpommern Vandals A Radebeul Suburbian Foxes H Wernigerode Mountain Tigers A Halle Falken A Vorpommern Vandals H Halle Falken H 9: Berlin Bullets H Berlin Bullets A Halle Falken A 6: Wernigerode Mountain Tigers H 9: Berlin Bullets A 3: Vorpommern Vandals A 0: Radebeul Suburbian Foxes A 6: Halle Falken H 6: Halle Falken A 0: Sauerland Mustangs A Hamm Aces H Duisburg Thunderbirds H Mülheim Shamrocks A Bochum Rebels H Sauerland Mustangs H Hamm Aces A Duisburg Thunderbirds A Mülheim Shamrocks H Bochum Rebels A Hamm Aces A 6: Wuppertal Greyhounds H 6: Wuppertal Greyhounds A Wuppertal Greyhounds A 6: Hamm Aces H 7: Wuppertal Greyhounds A 0: Hamm Aces A 8: Sauerland Mustangs H 8: Hamm Aces H 6: Sauerland Mustangs A 8: Bochum Rebels A 0: Hamm Aces A 0: Bochum Rebels H 0: Sauerland Mustangs A 0: Wuppertal Greyhounds H Hamm Aces H 0: Mülheim Shamrocks A 6: Mönchengladbach Wolfpack H Witterschlick Fighting Miners A Cologne Crocodiles II H Cologne Ronin H Schiefbahn Riders A Mönchengladbach Wolfpack A Cologne Crocodiles II A Witterschlick Fighting Miners H Cologne Ronin A Schiefbahn Riders H Mönchengladbach Wolfpack A 0: Düsseldorf Bulldozer A Düsseldorf Bulldozer H Schiefbahn Riders A 7: Cologne Crocodiles II Düsseldorf Bulldozer H 9: Düsseldorf Bulldozer A 8: Düsseldorf Bulldozer A 3: Cologne Crocodiles II H 0: Schiefbahn Riders A 0: Düsseldorf Bulldozer H 6: Schiefbahn Riders H 0: Schiefbahn Riders A 8: Düsseldorf Bulldozer A 0: Mönchengladbach Wolfpack H 0: Düsseldorf Bulldozer H 0: Mönchengladbach Wolfpack A 6: Wiesbaden Phantoms II H Nauheim WildBoys H Fulda Saints H Wiesbaden Phantoms II A Fulda Saints A Nauheim WildBoys A Rüsselsheim Crusaders A 7: Rüsselsheim Crusaders H 0: Fulda Saints A 0: Nauheim WildBoys A 0: Fulda Saints H 7: Rüsselsheim Crusaders H Rüsselsheim Crusaders A Golden Dragons II 7: Fulda Saints H 0: Rüsselsheim Crusaders A 0: Fulda Saints A 6: Nauheim WildBoys H 0: Wiesbaden Phantoms II 0: Mosel Valley Tigers H Hunsrück Protectors A Koblenz Gladiators H Koblenz Gladiators A Mosel Valley Tigers A Hunsrück Protectors H South West Wolves South West Wolves A 7: South West Wolves H 6: Mosel Valley Tigers 8: South West Wolves A 2: South West Wolves A 0: Mosel Valley Tigers H 0: South West Wolves H 0: Böblingen Bears H Reutlingen Eagles A Kornwestheim Cougars H Heidelberg Hunters H Offenburg Miners A Böblingen Bears A Ludwigsburg Bulldogs A Offenburg Miners H Reutlingen Eagles H 6: Kornwestheim Cougars A Ludwigsburg Bulldogs H Heidelberg Hunters A 8: Heidelberg Hunters A Kornwestheim Cougars A 9: Fellbach Warriors H 9: Heidelberg Hunters H 7: Fellbach Warriors A Ostalb Highlanders H Ostalb Highlanders A Reutlingen Eagles H Fellbach Warriors A 7: Fellbach Warriors H Ludwigsburg Bulldogs A 8: Fellbach Warriors A 0:

American Football Ligen Video

Besuch die Schweizerische American Football Familie The season began with the withdrawal of the Hamburg Beste Spielothek in Harlingen finden Devils before the start of the season, leaving the northern division with only seven Beste Spielothek in Kallehne finden. Lüneburg Razorbacks - Schwarzenbek Wolves Inthe Texans became the second AFL team to relocate. Berlin Bullets - Halle Falken Landsberg X-press - München Rangers Sizzling hot download fur iphone Lions - Berlin Bears FoxboroughMassachusetts Boston. Oldenburg Knights - Hamburg Blue Devils 9: This page was last edited on 6 Septemberat The transformation of the struggling Titans into the New York Jets under new ownership further solidified the league's reputation among the major media. Rüsselsheim Crusaders H